Write your message
Volume 18, Issue 35 (5-2022)                   marine-engineering 2022, 18(35): 97-110 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Marashian S M, Adjami M, Amirabadi R. Experimental Evaluation of the Stability of Rubble Mound Breakwater with New Recommended Concrete Armor. marine-engineering 2022; 18 (35) :97-110
URL: http://marine-eng.ir/article-1-946-en.html
1- Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Qom
2- Water and Environmental Engineering Department, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Shahrood University of Technology
Abstract:   (801 Views)
Armors are a kind of protective layer made of stone or concrete, used in breakwater constructions or coastal lines, arrayed with specific regular or irregular pattern on the breakwater or the coast. Armor damage due to wave attack is the principal failure mode to be considered when designing conventional rubble mound breakwaters. Since the cost of breakwater construction is high, the stability of this structure during its service life is important. This study includes the results of a experimental study stability of rubble mound breakwater covered with armor layers consisting of parsian national armor. In these experiments using irregular wave, the effect of significant wave height, wave period and water level changes on the stability of these concrete armor parts. The results obtained from the damage of the armor layer in the form Nod are presented that the stability of the armor decreases with increasing values of significant wave height and wave period and the armor layer of the rubble mound breakwater will be damaged. The effects of progressive damage on other breakwater components against wave interaction were also evaluated and the results of this study show the efficiency of this New Recommended Concrete Armor.
Full-Text [PDF 2619 kb]   (294 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Paper | Subject: Marine Structures and near shore
Received: 2022/01/12 | Accepted: 2022/06/18

1. Burcharth, H. F. (1987). The lessons from recent breakwater failures: developments in breakwater design.‏
2. Burcharth, H. F., & Liu, Z. (1993). Design of Dolos armour units. In Coastal Engineering 1992 (pp. 1053-1066).‏ [DOI:10.1061/9780872629332.079]
3. Burcharth, H. F., Christensen, M., Jensen, T., & Frigaard, P. (1998). Influence of core permeability on Accropode armour layer stability. In Coastlines, Structures and Breakwaters: Proceedings of the International Conference. Thomas Telford.‏ [DOI:10.1680/csab.26681.0004]
4. Melby, J. A., & Kobayashi, N. (1998). Progression and variability of damage on rubble mound breakwaters. Journal of waterway, port, coastal, and ocean engineering, 124(6), 286-294.‏ [DOI:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-950X(1998)124:6(286)]
5. Van der Meer, J. W. (1999, June). Design of concrete armour layers. In Proceedings of the Coastal Structures (Vol. 99, pp. 213-221).‏
6. Chegini V, Aghtouman P. An Investigation on the Stability of Rubble Mound Breakwaters with Armour Layers of Antifer Cubes . marine-engineering. 2006; 2 (1) :86-93.
7. Mousavi, S. H., Kavianpour, M. R., & Aminoroayaie Yamini, O. (2017). Experimental analysis of breakwater stability with antifer concrete block. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 35(3), 426-434.‏ [DOI:10.1080/1064119X.2016.1190432]
8. Henriques, M. J., Braz, N., Roque, D., Lemos, R., & Fortes, C. J. E. M. (2016, March). Controlling the damages of physical models of rubble-mound breakwaters by photogrammetric products-Orthomosaics and point clouds. In Proceedings of the 3rd Joint International Symposium on Deformation Monitoring, Viena, Austria, 8pp.
9. Fortes, C. J., Lemos, R., Mendonça, A., & Reis, M. T. (2019). Damage progression in rubble-mound breakwaters scale model tests, under a climate change storm sequence. Res. Eng. Struct. Mater., 5(4), 415-426.‏ [DOI:10.17515/resm2019.82ms1218]
10. Campos, Á., Castillo, C., & Molina-Sanchez, R. (2020). Damage in Rubble Mound Breakwaters. Part I: Historical Review of Damage Models. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 8(5), 317.‏ [DOI:10.3390/jmse8050317]
11. Mares-Nasarre, P., Argente, G., Gómez-Martín, M. E., & Medina, J. R. (2021). Armor Damage of Overtopped Mound Breakwaters in Depth-Limited Breaking Wave Conditions. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 9(9), 952. [DOI:10.3390/jmse9090952]
12. The Rock Manual (2007), Chapter 5 (Physical Processes and Design Tools).
13. Veisy Zade, P. (1998). An Investigation of the Stability of Tetrapods, University of Science and Technology. (In Persian)
14. Hughes, Steven E., Physical models and Laboaratory Techniques in Coastal Eng, Waterway Experiment Stations USA, World Scientific Publishing Co., 1993.
15. Van der Meer, J. W. (1995). Conceptual design of rubble mound breakwaters. In Advances In Coastal And Ocean Engineering: (Volume 1) (pp. 221-315).‏ [DOI:10.1142/9789812797582_0005]
16. Kamphuis, J. W. (1991). 'Physical Modeling' in Handbook of Coastal and Ocean Eng, J. B. Herbich, Ed., Vol 2, Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, Texas.

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
International Journal of Maritime Technology is licensed under a

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.