Write your message
Volume 15, Issue 29 (4-2019)                   marine-engineering 2019, 15(29): 101-111 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Bafandeh B, Aliakbari Bidokhti A, Lari K, Ezam M. The Effect of Water Column Stability on Underwater Oil Blowouts Plume Dynamics and Peeling Height. marine-engineering. 2019; 15 (29) :101-111
URL: http://marine-eng.ir/article-1-724-en.html
1- Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch
2- Institute of Geophysics, University of Tehran
3- Islamic Azad University, North Tehran Branch
Abstract:   (2110 Views)
Considering the increase in number of offshore oil production projects and for better understanding of plume dynamics in accidental underwater oil blowouts, a series of laboratory experiments in a square cross section open top basin were carried out to investigate the effect of changes in seawater stratification and water column stability on plume dynamics and peeling height.  Accordingly the open top basin was filled with stratified salt water at different buoyancy frequencies and the results of experiments were numerically expanded to marine condition of shallow waters. Non-dimensionalized form of experimental and numerical results showed that decrease in basin buoyancy frequency increases the plume peeling height and reduces the plume width. Experimental results showed that the neutral buoyancy level was the applicable transition criterion from plume dynamic phase to advective and diffusive phase. 
Full-Text [PDF 1311 kb]   (532 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Paper | Subject: Offshore Hydrodynamic
Received: 2019/04/14 | Accepted: 2019/07/6

References
1. Thibodeaux Louis J., Kalliat T. Valsaraj, Vijay T. John, Kyriakos D. Papadopoulos, Lawrence R. Pratt and Noshir S. Pesika, (2010), Marine oil fate: Knowledge gaps, Basic research and development needs; A perspective based on the Deepwater Horizon Spill, Environmental Engineering Science, Vol.28, pp 87-93. [DOI:10.1089/ees.2010.0276]
2. McNutt Marcia K., Rich Camillib, Timothy J. Cronec, George D. Guthried, Paul A. Hsiehe, Thomas B. Ryersonf, Omer Savasg, and Frank Shafferd, (2012), Review of flow rate estimates of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, PNAS, Vol. 109, No. 50, pp 20260-20267. [DOI:10.1073/pnas.1112139108]
3. Alibeigi A.A., Morovvati H., Lari K., (2014) Field study of slurry dispersion in offshore drilling, Islamic Azad University Tehran North Branch (In Persian).
4. Ranjbar P. and Shafiei Far M., (2011), Numerical simulation of accidental oil blowout, dispersion and surfacing; Case study of Khark Island oil transport pipe line, Trabiat modarres university, Tehran. (In Persian).
5. Rezvan Doost J., Shafiei Far M., Karbasi A.R., (2012), Numerical simulation if oil blowout from offshore rigs; Case study of Iranian oil fields in Persian Gulf, Trabiat modarres university, Tehran. (In Persian).
6. Yousefi Azar DolatAbadi F. and Shafie Far M., (2017) Numerical Simulation of shallow water oil blowout, Trabiat Modarres University, Tehran. (In Persian).
7. Abd Maaboodi A., Shafiei Far M., Valizadeh A.R., (2012), Numerical simulation of underwater oil leakage and surfacing in SPH method, Trabiat Modarres University, Tehran. (In Persian).
8. Ghadiri Masoom M. and Malmasi S., (2014) Ecological Risk Analysis of Oil pollution, Islamic Azad University Tehran North Branch (In Persian).
9. Yousefi Siahkalroudi S., Malmasi S., Nezakati R., (2016), Effectivity analysis of oil spill control and pollution management; Case study in Persian Gulf, Islamic Azad University Tehran North Branch (In Persian).
10. Socolofsky A.A. and Adams A.A, (2002), Multi-phase plumes in uniform and stratified crossflow, Journal of hydraulic research. vol. 40, No. 6, pp 661-672. [DOI:10.1080/00221680209499913]
11. Socolofsky A.A. and Adams A.A, (2005), Role of Slip Velocity in the Behavior of Stratified Multiphase Plumes, Journal of hydraulic engineering. vol. 131, No. 4, pp 273-282. [DOI:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9429(2005)131:4(273)]
12. Socolofsky A.A., Adams A.A. and Sherwood C.R., (2011), Formation dynamics of subsurface hydrocarbon intrusion following the Deepwater Horizon blowout, Geophysical Research Letter, pp 1-6. [DOI:10.1029/2011GL047174]
13. Lima Neto, Iran E., Zhao David Z., Rajarantam Nallamuthu, (2008), Bubbly jets in stagnant waters, International Journal of multiphase flow, 34, pp 1130-1141. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2008.06.005]
14. Zhao Lin, Boufadel M. C., Adams E., Socolofsky S.A., King T., Lee K. and Nedwed T., (2015), Simulation of scenarios of oil droplet formation from the Deepwater Horizon, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 101, pp 304-319. [DOI:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.10.068]
15. Zheng Li, Poojitha D. Yapa and Fanghui Chen, (2002), A model for simulating deepwater oil and gas blowouts - Part I: Theory and model formulation, Journal of Hydraulic Research Vol. 41 No.4, pp 339-351. [DOI:10.1080/00221680309499980]
16. Lalith K. Dasanayaka and Poojitha D. Yapa, (2009), Role of plume dynamics phase in a deep water oil and gas release model, Journal of Hydro-environment Research Vol.2, pp 243-253. [DOI:10.1016/j.jher.2009.01.004]
17. Aliakbari Bidokhti, Abbasali, (2018), Fundamentals of fluid dynamics, University of Tehran, Tehran (In Persian).
18. Turner J.S., 1973, Buoyancy effects in fluids, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [DOI:10.1017/CBO9780511608827]
19. Hassanzadeh Jobehdar Mona, Experimental study of two phase flow in a liquid Cross-Flow and effervescent atomizer, the University of Western Ontario, (2014), 180.
20. Chen J.J.J, M.Jamialahmadi and S. M. Li, (1989), Effect of liquid depth on circulation in bubble column: a visual study, Chemical Engineering research and design, Vol. 67, pp 203-207.
21. Delnoij E., J.A.M. Kuipers and W. P. M. van Swaaij, (1997), Dynamic simulation of gas-liquid two-phase flow: effect of column aspect ratio on the flow structure, Chemical Engineering Science, Vol. 52, No. 21:22, pp 3579-3772. [DOI:10.1016/S0009-2509(97)00222-4]
22. Seol D.G. Bryant D.B. and Socolofsky S.A., (2009), Measurement of Behavioral Properties of entrained Ambient Water in a Stratified Bubble Plume, Journal of hydraulic engineering. Vol. 135, No. 11, pp 983-988. [DOI:10.1061/(ASCE)HY.1943-7900.0000109]
23. Johansen Oistein, DeepBlow - a Lagrangian Plume Model for Deep Water Blowouts, Spill Science & Technology Bulletin, Vol. 6, No. 2, (2000), pp 103-111. [DOI:10.1016/S1353-2561(00)00042-6]
24. SINTEF MEMW (Marine Environmental Modeling Workbench), (2016), User's Manual for OSCAR and DREAM, SINTEF Ocean Environmental Technology, Version 8.0.1, Trondheim, Norway.

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
International Journal of Maritime Technology is licensed under a

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.