Write your message

فراخوان ارسال مقالات انگلیسی حوزه دریا و فراساحل    www.ijmt.ir

Volume 14, Issue 27 (7-2018)                   marine-engineering 2018, 14(27): 21-33 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Hasanniah A, Movahedi M. Role of Aluminum Interlayer and Heat-Input in Lap Joint Properties of Aluminum to Steel Using Pulsed Gas Tungsten Arc Welding. marine-engineering. 2018; 14 (27) :21-33
URL: http://marine-eng.ir/article-1-649-en.html
1- Sharif University of Technology
Abstract:   (2320 Views)
Effect of aluminum interlayer and heat-input was investigated on lap joint properties of 5052 aluminum alloy to St-12 steel welded by pulsed GTAW with ER- 4047 filler metal. Direct joining of aluminum to steel without interlayer was not successful due to the formation of brittle intermetallic phases. Presence of the aluminum interlayer led to decrease in the intermetallic compounds (with the thickness <~3 µm) and production of defect-free joints with tensile strength of ~200 MPa. Two modes of shear-tensile test (with concentration of the shear stress at the interface of the steel sheet/interlayer and interface of the interlayer/5052 aluminum sheet) were used to evaluate the joint strength. In both modes of test, fracture occurred from the weld metal. Joint strength decreased by enhancement of the heat-input. This result was justified given the α-phase primary dendrite arm spacing as well as the distribution of the Al-Si eutectics in the interdendritic regions.
Full-Text [PDF 1904 kb]   (1001 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Paper | Subject: Ship Structure
Received: 2017/12/15 | Accepted: 2018/06/13

1. Calcraft, R.C., Wahab, M.A., Viano, D.M., Schumann, G.O., Phillips, R.H. and Ahmed, N.U., (1999), The development of the welding procedures and fatigue of butt-welded structures of aluminium-AA5383, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 92-93, p. 60-65. [DOI:10.1016/S0924-0136(99)00156-9]
2. Ahmadi, M., Farzadi, A. and Yazdipour, A., (2017), Effect of Repeated Repair on Microstructure, Mechanical Properties and Corrosion Behavior of 5083-H321 Aluminum Alloy Welded Joints Using Pulsed MIG, Journal Of Marine Engineering, Vol. 13, p. 77-90. (In Persian)
3. Shankar, K. and Wu, W., (2002), Effect of welding and weld repair on crack propagation behaviour in aluminium alloy 5083 plates, Materials & Design, Vol. 23, p. 201-208. [DOI:10.1016/S0261-3069(01)00059-0]
4. Arghavani, M.R., Movahedi, M. and Kokabi, A.H., (2016), Role of zinc layer in resistance spot welding of aluminium to steel, Materials & Design, Vol. 102, p. 106-114. [DOI:10.1016/j.matdes.2016.04.033]
5. Dong, H., Yang, L., Dong, C. and Kou, S., (2012), Improving arc joining of Al to steel and Al to stainless steel, Materials Science and Engineering: A, Vol. 534, p. 424-435. [DOI:10.1016/j.msea.2011.11.090]
6. He, H., Yang, C., Lin, S., Fan, C., Chen, Z. and Chen, Z., (2014), Flux modification for AC-TIG braze welding of aluminium to stainless steel, Science and Technology of Welding and Joining, Vol. 19, p. 527-533. [DOI:10.1179/1362171814Y.0000000220]
7. Madhavan, S., Kamaraj, M. and Vijayaraghavan, L., (2016), Microstructure and mechanical properties of cold metal transfer welded aluminium/dual phase steel, Science and Technology of Welding and Joining, Vol. 21, p. 194-200. [DOI:10.1179/1362171815Y.0000000082]
8. Atabaki, M.M., Nikodinovski, M., Chenier, P., Ma, J., Harooni, M., Kovacevic, R., (2014), Welding of Aluminum Alloys to Steels: An Overview, Journal for Manufacturing Science and Production, Vol. 14, p. 59-78. [DOI:10.1515/jmsp-2014-0007]
9. Movahedi, M., Kokabi, A.H., Reihani, S.M.S. and Najafi, H., (2012), Effect of tool travel and rotation speeds on weld zone defects and joint strength of aluminium steel lap joints made by friction stir welding, Science and Technology of Welding and Joining, Vol. 17, p. 162-167. [DOI:10.1179/1362171811Y.0000000092]
10. Movahedi, M., Kokabi, A.H., Seyed Reihani, S.M., Cheng, W.J. and Wang, C.J., (2013), Effect of annealing treatment on joint strength of aluminum/steel friction stir lap weld, Materials & Design, Vol. 44, p. 487-492. [DOI:10.1016/j.matdes.2012.08.028]
11. Macwan, A., Kumar, A. and Chen, D.L., (2017), Ultrasonic spot welded 6111-T4 aluminum alloy to galvanized high-strength low-alloy steel: Microstructure and mechanical properties, Materials & Design, Vol. 113, p. 284-296. [DOI:10.1016/j.matdes.2016.10.025]
12. Ratanathavorn, W. and Melander, A., (2017), Influence of zinc on intermetallic compounds formed in friction stir welding of AA5754 aluminium alloy to galvanised ultra-high strength steel, Science and Technology of Welding and Joining, Vol. 22, p. 673-680. [DOI:10.1080/13621718.2017.1302553]
13. Zhang, H.T., Feng, J.C., He, P. and Hackl, H., (2007), Interfacial microstructure and mechanical properties of aluminium–zinc-coated steel joints made by a modified metal inert gas welding–brazing process, Materials Characterization, Vol. 58, p. 588-592. [DOI:10.1016/j.matchar.2006.07.008]
14. Su, Y., Hua, X. and Wu, Y., (2014), Quantitative characterization of porosity in Fe–Al dissimilar materials lap joint made by gas metal arc welding with different current modes, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 214, p. 81-86. [DOI:10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2013.08.002]
15. Movahedi, M., Kokabi, A.H. and Seyed Reihani, S.M., (2012), Investigation on friction stir lap welding of aluminium to aluminium clad steel sheets, Science and Technology of Welding and Joining, Vol. 17, p. 231-236. [DOI:10.1179/1362171811Y.0000000101]
16. Movahedi, M., Kokabi, A.H. and Seyed Reihani, S.M., (2011), Investigation on the bond strength of Al-1100/St-12 roll bonded sheets, optimization and characterization, Materials & Design, Vol. 32, p. 3143-3149. [DOI:10.1016/j.matdes.2011.02.057]
17. Yousefieh, M., Shamanian, M., Saatchi, A., (2011), Influence of Heat Input in Pulsed Current GTAW Process on Microstructure and Corrosion Resistance of Duplex Stainless Steel Welds, Journal of Iron and Steel Research, International, Vol. 18, p. 65-69. [DOI:10.1016/S1006-706X(12)60036-3]
18. Cho, Y.H., Lee, H.C., Oh, K.H.and Dahle, A.K., (2008), Effect of Strontium and Phosphorus on Eutectic Al-Si Nucleation and Formation of b-Al5FeSi in Hypoeutectic Al-Si Foundry Alloys, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, Vol. 39A, p. 2435-2448. [DOI:10.1007/s11661-008-9580-8]
19. Mikołajczak, P. and Ratke, L., (2015), Three Dimensional Morphology of β-Al5FeSi Intermetallics in AlSi Alloys, Archive of foundray engineering, Vol. 15, p. 47-50.
20. Dong, H., Hu, W., Duan, Y., Wang, X. and Dong, C., (2012), Dissimilar metal joining of aluminum alloy to galvanized steel with Al–Si, Al–Cu, Al–Si–Cu and Zn–Al filler wires, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 212, p. 458-464. [DOI:10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2011.10.009]
21. Madhavan, S., Kamaraj, M., Vijayaraghavan, L. and Srinivasa Rao, K., (2017), Microstructure and mechanical properties of aluminium/steel dissimilar weldments: effect of heat input, Materials Science and Technology, Vol. 33, p. 200-209. [DOI:10.1080/02670836.2016.1176716]
22. Osorio, W.R., Goulart, P.R., Garcia, A., Santos, G.A. and Neto, C.M., (2006), Effect of dendritic arm spacing on mechanical properties and corrosion resistance of Al 9 Wt Pct Si and Zn 27 Wt Pct Al alloys, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, Vol. 37, p. 2525-2538. [DOI:10.1007/BF02586225]
23. Goulart, P.R., Spinelli, J.E., Osório, W.R. and Garcia, A., (2006), Mechanical properties as a function of microstructure and solidification thermal variables of Al–Si castings, Materials Science and Engineering: A, Vol. 421, p. 245-253. [DOI:10.1016/j.msea.2006.01.050]
24. Dharmendra, C., Rao, K.P., Wilden, J. and Reich, S., (2011), Study on laser welding–brazing of zinc coated steel to aluminum alloy with a zinc based filler, Materials Science and Engineering: A, Vol. 528, p. 1497-1503. [DOI:10.1016/j.msea.2010.10.050]
25. Lee, C.Y., Choi, D.H., Yeon, Y.M. and Jung, S.B., (2009), Dissimilar friction stir spot welding of low carbon steel and Al–Mg alloy by formation of IMCs, Science and Technology of Welding and Joining, Vol. 14, p. 216-220. [DOI:10.1179/136217109X400439]

Send email to the article author

Creative Commons License
International Journal of Maritime Technology is licensed under a

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.